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President Trump has signaled GOP senators that he’d support a new criminal justice reform bill, reviving efforts to rein in the worst aspects of mass incarceration in America. Republican senators presented to Trump a compromise bill that would add four sentencing reforms to a bill already passed by the House called the First Step Act, which incentivizes participation in prison rehabilitation programs with the possibility of early release. Under the compromise, lifetime mandatory minimums would be reduced to 25 years and 20-year minimums would be reduced to 15 for nonviolent drug felony convictions. Another reform would reduce the practice of “stacking enhancements,” which treated multiple charges as prior offenses, leading to longer sentenced for nonviolent drug offenders. But to gain bipartisan support, neither of those reforms would apply retroactively. A third reform would retroactively apply the 2010 Fair Sentencing Act, which reduced the disparity in sentencing between crack and cocaine from 100-to-1 down to 18-to-1. The final reform would provide more exceptions to the application of mandatory-minimum sentences.